Current List of Sobek’s Festivals and Holy Days

Okay, so now that I’ve got my hands on The Ancient Egyptian Daybook at last (as an ebook, but it still counts), I’ve finally taken the time to go through and pick out all the Sobek festivals and holy days in there, and combining it with the list from the Soknopaios Nesos temple Chelsea compiled and sent me ages ago (thank you!). This is about as complete as the list is going to get, unless someone releases another book just about Sobek festivals that is more complete.

I still need to go through and compile other festivals, for Heru, Isis, Wesir, and Renenutet, and perhaps a few others, so I can get the Shedety daybook done, but at least Sobek’s is now done, and I post it here for reference. So that’s one less thing to worry about.

Sobek spends a lot of time being a Time Lord in the season of Peret, which I find very interesting and appropriate, and yes, I listed all the times He was listed as a chronokrater, on top of other festivals. I think it gives a more interesting picture of His festival year. He also rules two months, and has two full moons given to Him in the season of Shomu.

I’ll link this up properly over at my Calendars page (which I still need to edit I am terrible at web maintenance), but for now, I’ll post the calendar I have right now, and you can observe it from here. Sources listed at the end, though most of the legwork wasn’t mine. Grateful for any additions or corrections anyone has.

A Mostly Complete List of Sobek Festivals
This is compiled from Tamara Siuda’s The Ancient Egyptian Daybook, as well as the list of festivals from the temple of Soknopaios Nesos, given to me by Chelsea Luellon Bolton.

I Akhet
1. Appearance of Sobek, Lord of Ombos
1-7. For the Purification (7 days)
5. Feast of Behdehty/Feast of Heru Shedety?
6. Feast of Sobek
7. Feast of Sobek, Lord of Wadjty
9. Feast of Sobek
10. Feast of Sobek
11. Feast of Sobek Shedety
12. Feast of Sobek
17. Feast of Sobek-Ra
18. Feast of Sobek-Ra
20. Feast of Aset-Renenutet, Sobek and Heru-sa-Aset

II Akhet
2-3. Procession of Sobek to see His mother Nit
3. Festival of Sobek of Kom Ombo
7. Festival of Sobek, Lord of Lord of Kom Ishqau
22. “Do not bathe on this day. It is the day of cutting the tongue of the enemy of Sobek, son of Nit.” (Cairo Calendar; no specific festival listed)

III Akhet
7. Birthday of Soknopaios/Birth of Sobek, the Great God (19 days)

IV Akhet
1-6. Procession of Sobek, Chief of Summenu, Son of Geb
4. Feast of Sobek

I Peret
3. Appearance of Sobek, Lord of Ombos
7. Chronokrater: Sobek, Lord of Heaven
8. Chronokrater: Sobek, Lord of the Caverns
8-14. Festival of the Foundation of the Temple of the God Sobek (7 days)
9. Chronokrater: Sobek, Lord of …
10. Chronokrater: Sobek, Lord of the Innundation
16. Chronokrater: Sobek, Who Enters The Place of Strength
17. Chronokrater: Sobek, Lord of Neb-seh/Sobek, Lord of the Heb-Sed Festivals
20. Chronokrater: Sobek in Kom Ombo
25. Chronokrater: Sobek, Lord of Ir-merty/Sobek, Lord of Creating/Creation

II Peret
6. Chronokrater: Sobek, Lord of Kom Ombo/Lord of Lords/Lord of the Basket-Lands
8. Chronokrater: Sobek, Son of Isis with Pacified Limbs
10. Birthday of Sobek
11. Procession of Sobek
12. Chronokrater: Sobek, Lord of Apollonopolis Parva
13. Chronokrater: Sobek, Who Reckoned The Bright One (i.e. Eye goddess)
28. Chronokrater: Sobek, Lord of Buto/Sobek, Lord of the Eastern Mountain
29. Chronokrater: Sobek, Lord of Tell Tebilla

III Peret
As a God of the Month: Sobek
2-9. Festival of the Foundation of the Enclosure of the Great God Sobek (7 days)
12. Chronokrater: Sobek, Lord of the Temple
14. Chronokrater: Sobek, Lord of el-Harageh (Faiyum loc.)/Sobek, Lord of Lights
15. Chronokrater: Sobek, Lord of …
17. Chronokrater: Sobek, Lord of Buto
24. Chronokrater: Sobek, Lord of the Bulls

IV Peret
10. Chronokrater: Sobek, Lord of Anasha
11. Chronokrater: Sobek, Lord of the Temple
15. Chronokrater: Sobek, Lord of …
20. Appearance of Sobek, and Min, Lord of the Two Lands
22. Chronokrater: Sobek, Lord of Incense
23. Chronokrater: Sobek, Lord of Anasha
24. Chronokrater: Sobek, Lord of …

I Shomu
As a God of the Month: ‘The Lord of the Riots’, a form of Sobek, the third named as one of the Seven Arrows of Mut, Bast, Nebethet, and a fourth unknown goddess.
4. Chronokrater: Sobek in Kom Ombo
7. Chronokrater: Sobek, Lord of …
20. Feast of Aset-Renenutet, Sobek, and Heru-sa-Aset
27. Procession of Sobek-Hapi: “Drink in honour of Renenutet”

II Shomu
21-27. Festival of the Foundation of the Temple of the God Sobek (7 days)

III Shomu
2-9. Festival of Sobek/Soukheia
3. Chronokrater: Sobek, Lord of Harageh
11. Chronokrater: Sobek, Lord of Ra-Huwy (near Alexandria)
13. Chronokrater: Sobek, Lord of Apollonopolis Parva
14. Chronokrater: Sobek, Lord of el-Harageh
19. Chronokrater: Sobek, Lord of Tema(t)
20-26, Festival of Sobek/Soukheia (7 days)
24. Feast of Sobek

IV Shomu
26-Epag 3 – Festival of the Foundation of the Temple (8 days)
27. Birthday of Sobek

Lunar Calendar Festivals
13. Sobek ‘is the god of the 13th lunar day, which is named ‘Sobek’ for Him’.

1 Shomu Full Moon: Feast of Sobek, Lord of Sehwy

III Shomu Full Moon: Feast of Sobek

Sources: (from Chelsea’s list, and includes the new Daybook, for nerds and Cite Ur Sources reasons)
Britcault, Laurent. “Isis Nepherses” in Egyptian Religion: The Last Thousand Years Part 1: Studies Dedicated to the Memory of Jan Quaegebeur. edited by Willy Clarysse, Antoon Schoors and Harco Willems. Peeters, 1998, pp. 522-527.

Capron, Laurent. “Déclarations fiscales du Temple de Soknopaiou Nêsos: éléments nouveaux,” in Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik. Bd. 165, Dr. Rudolf Habelt GmbH, Bonn (Germany). (2008), pp. 133-160.

El-Sabban, Sherif. Temple Festival Calendars of Ancient Egypt. Wiltshire: Liverpool University Press, 2000.

Perpillou-Thomas, Francoise. Fêtes d’Egypte ptolémaïque et romaine, d’après la documentation papyrologique grecque. (Studia Hellenistica Series 31). Peeters Publishers, 1993.

Siuda, Tamara. The Ancient Egyptian Prayerbook. Illinois: Stargazer Design, 2009.

Siuda, Tamara L.  The Ancient Egyptian Daybook. Stargazer Design, 2016

Siuda, Tamara L.  The Ancient Egyptian Daybook Calendar:  August 2014-July 2015. Stargazer Design, 2014.  (Used with permission)

Vanderlip, Vera Frederika. The Four Greek Hymns of Isidorus and the Cult of Isis. Canada: A. K. Hakkert, 1972. There are two festivals listed for Aset/Isis in the Third Greek Hymn of to Isis-Hermouthis by Isidoros.

Widmer, Ghislaine. “On Egyptian Religion at Soknopaiou Nesos in the Roman Period,” in Tebtynis und Soknopaiu Nesos. Leben im römerzeitlichen Fajum. Sandra Lippert. Harrassowitz Verlag, 2005, pp. 171-184.

Zecchi, Marco. Sobek of Shedet. The crocodile god in the Fayyum in the Dynastic Period. Tau, 2010. (page 129)

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6 comments on “Current List of Sobek’s Festivals and Holy Days

  1. jewelofaset says:

    I have one more festival from Soknopaiou Nesos Temple. I forgot to ask you about it. I wasn’t sure if you wanted it included or not since it isn’t specific to Sobek. 12-24 Rhodophoria or Festival of Roses in the month of second Peret. The sources for this festival are already listed in your post.

    • Sashataakheru says:

      Well, it’s already listed in the copy you sent me, so you must have included it anyway. I don’t mind the Rhodophoria being listed though. It’s one of Isis’ festivals iirc, so it’s relevant for the more complete calendar I’m putting together. That, and I just love the idea of a festival of roses.

    • Sashataakheru says:

      Ooh, thank you. I haven’t even started Heru’s yet, so this will get me started. There are way too many Heru festivals.

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