Epithets of Sobek

This first list is taken from Marco Zecchi’s book, ‘Sobek of Shedet: The Crocodile God in the Fayyum in the Dynastic Period’ (2010). Most of these refer to Sobek of Shedet/Sobek of Crocodopolis, though some were eventually shared with Sobek of Kom Ombo. I’ve sorted them thematically, just to make it easier to manage.

Animal Epithets
Green of Plume
Watchful of Face
Raised of Brow
Great crocodile
Restful of feet
The one at whom the Two Lands roar because of the fear of Him
The one at whom the bowmen cry aloud and for whom those who are in panic sift their gold
Sharp of teeth
Runner sharp of teeth
Running upon His body
Great of Terror
He whose attack cannot be repelled
Lord of Strife
The powerful god, whose seizing cannot be seen
Lord of Fear
The one who seizes with His might
the one with the Sethian rage
Owner of the locks, who loves robbery
The one who lives robbingly
Great-breasted Falcon
Falcon upon the battlements

Origin Epithets
Who comes from the thigh and tail of the Great One who is in the sunshine
Son of Nit/Mehet-Weret
Son of snwy (the two brothers, a crocodile god)
Son of Aset

Fertility Epithets
He who makes green the herbage which is on the banks of the horizon
He who eats with His mouth
He who urinates and copulates with His penis
Lord of Semen, who takes wives from their husbands, whenever He wishes, according to His desire
He who eats when He copulates, who creates for Himself the semut-women to the full extent of His desire
Who impregnates the semut-women
Who presides over the pure fields
Lion with terrible look, great of strength
Bull of the powers
Ejaculating bull
Bull of the Bulls, the great male
Phallus of the Gods
Gold of the Bulls, Bull of the Hathors
Ram
Ram, Great of Awe
Ejaculating Ram
Phallus of His hmswt-women
The one who opens His lakes as the young bull

Geographical Epithets
Lord of Bakhu, the one who is in the east of His mountain, His temple of carnelian
Who resides in the Great Palace (temple at Shedet)
Great of Awe and Image in Shedet
hnwty, who resides in the palace (at Shedet)
Who resides in the Palace (at Shedet)
Lord of the low-lying lands
Lord of the Great Throne
Ruler of the desert edge
Ruler of the foreign lands
Star that is in the fields
Controller of the winds
Great God, Lord of the Sky
White of teeth, who comes forth of the land of the lake

Place Names
Lord of Bakhu
Lord of Sumenu
Lord of Busiris
Lord of Gereg-ba-ef
Lord of h3w(t)y
Lord of Srt-bnbn
Lord of B3… (B3ty/B3tiw?)
Lord of Nennesu
Lord of Hebnu
Lord of Aht
Lord of Taseti
Lord of Sesh
Lord of Thebes
Lord of Sumenu
Lord of Cynopolis
Lord of Nemety
Lord of Abydos
Lord of Iu-nesha
Lord of Ra-muha
Lord of Ra-iakh
Lord of Imy-she
Lord of Sais
Lord of Kheraha
Lord of Ra-sehuy
Lord of Heliopolis

Regional Sobeks
Sobek of Shedet, Heru who resides in Shedet
Sobek in the great city (i.e. Shedet)
Sobek in bnbyt
Sobek in tp-inr
Sobek of Shedet, Heru who resides in Akhet-ta
Sobek of Shedet, Heru who resides in Per-Khenet

Water Epithets
Who is in the water
Lord of the winding waterways
Lord of the creeks
Lord of the marshland
Lord of the Nile
Lord of the river banks
Lord of the land of the lake
Who arises from the Nun
Who comes forth from the floodwater
The one who breaks open Ra-Henet
Lord of the rivers
Lord of the dockyards
The one who crosses the ponds
The one who sails northward in His beauty, and southward when he has made the flood many times
The one who comes to His canal
Lord of the Island-lands
The one who those in the water adore

Praise Epithets
Great of Awe
Lord of Magnificence
Lord of love
He who is mighty thanks to His ba
High of heart
Foremost of heart
Power of powers
Beautiful god
Sweet of love
Beautiful of manifestation
Lord of eternity
Beautiful of shapes

Mythological Epithets
He whose tongue was cut out because of the mutilation of Wesir
The rebel who is amongst the gods
Son of Aset, Sweet of Love
He who has recourse to robbery
He who saved His father (Wesir)

Solar Epithets
He who rises in the East and sets in the West
The great light-maker

Kingship Epithets
Lord of the wrrt-crown, with tied horns
Great of Awe and Image, with the diadem and the double feathers
With crowned head, exalted of front
The one who has appeared as the King of Upper and Lower Egypt
More powerful than the gods, as Horus, great of the wrrt-crown
The one who has appeared with the Great of Magic
Mayor of His Two Lands
The one who rejoices with His sceptre
Great of festival
The Ruler amongst the gods
The great power who steals the wrrt-crown
High-plumed
With the forehead with the atef-crown
Lord of the Uraeus
He with numerous uraeii
Lord of the wrrt-crown, with two horns, who resides in the great palace, the great place (of His Ennead)
Lord of the hed-sed/jubilee festival

Ritual Epithets
Lord of Myrrh
The one who rejoices in the incense
Lord of incense in the middle of ceremonies
Lord of the offerings/Lord of peace
The one who provisions Himself

Connections with Other Gods
Sobek who is in Shedet-Ra-Heru
Replica of Ra
The primeval being of the Great Ennead
Great in the House of the Prince
Horus, chief of the Two Lands
The one who comes when invoked as Heru the child
Crocodile image of the gods, the strongest amongst them
The one whose bau appear in front of the gods
The one who appears with Wadjet, beautiful with His great eye, which is under His eyebrow
Sobek-Ra-Harakhty, Lord of the Sky

This second list is from page 627 from the Lexikon der ägyptischen Götter und Götterbezeichnungen (LAGG), Lietz (2003). I’m beginning to translate Sobek’s epithets from the pages available in Google Books. This will be added to as I go.

A – Cosmos
1 – Horizon/Heavens
The [one] on/at/in the horizon…
Who created the sky
He who rises the sky for His ba
Who flies to the skies
Who rises in the horizon
Who rises in the lower sky
Who rises in the sky
The Great One in Heaven
Who rises from the primeval waters to heaven
He who travels the sky with His magic power
Lord of the Horizon
Lord of the sky
Whose head is in heaven
The ruler of heaven
The power of heaven
The power of heaven
Who cuts through the sky with his double-feathered crown

2. Sun.
The rising [one]
Who rises on the horizon
Who rises in the east and sets in the west
The rising one, whose weakness is not intended for the gods of the nomes
Who rises in the Nun
Who rises in the lower sky
Who appears as a crocodile
Who rises in [the] sky
He whose sun disk is in its rising
He who comes up in the Nun
The two discs come out as a manifestation (or, from the hill) of His two eyes
He who shines in the bright light
He who shines with his two Udjat eyes
Who lights up the flood
Who makes the sun shine
Who illuminates Temple of Sobek with its rays
Who illuminates Kom Ombo
Who illuminates the Earth
He who illuminates the Two Lands which have been in darkness
He with the shiny appearance

3. Moon:
Who comes forth from the sky at the beginning of the month
The two disks come out as a manifestation of (or from the hill) of His two eyes

5. Wind
The wind comes out of His mouth and the North wind comes out of His nose
He who encounters the sweet breeze

6. Water
The head of the wetland
Who is hidden in the primeval waters
Who rises in the Nun/water
He is in the midst of the flood
Who rises from the primeval waters to heaven
The beautiful calf before the great flood
He who rises in the Nun
Who comes out of the Nun
Comes forth from the great Nun
He who lights up in the flood
With His images/crocodiles the whole primeval water is filled
The Lord of the Flood
He to whom the stream courses are given
Who appears in the Nun
Head of the primeval waters
He to whom the Nun belongs
The one with mighty power in the water
Who creates the Nun
Who founds the country from the primeval waters
Who travels/passes through the Nun

7. Earth/World
The guardian of the Earth
Who created the Earth
The Earth lives through His work
He who flies to the end of the world

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4 comments on “Epithets of Sobek

  1. Pete says:

    A small but important thing. You reference Zecchi describing Sobek as ‘who rises in the East.’ See page 96 of his book for same. Zecchi references CT VII, 202 (Coffin Texts, Vol 7 by Adriaan de Buck) Neither Vol 7 nor Vol 2- nor anything else in the Coffin Texts, nor anything else I can find supports the quote or idea that Sobek rises in the east. This is important -to me – because I would contend that Sobek was a solar god that rose in the west.

    • Sashataakheru says:

      Well, my reading of the context, and the quote describing Sobek as ‘He who rises in the East and sets in the West’ from the Coffin Texts seems to be describing Sobek’s relationship with Ra? But I have no Coffin Texts to rifle through to check whether the quote is right, so if you’re unsure of the veracity, and it’s important enough to you to source this accurately, you might want to take it up with Zecchi himself, since he quoted it. I’m not sure I can be of much help to you here.

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